Photos of the Long Island Sound

Issues & Actions

Quinnipiac River

Location: New Haven, CT

Anchor Site(s): Quinnipiac River Marsh Wildlife Management Area and State Park

About the Sites: The Quinnipiac River Marsh Wildlife Management Area (WMA) and the Quinnipiac River State Park are extraordinary ecological and outdoor recreation resources within the highly urbanized lower Quinnipiac River area. The habitats here are largely brackish and fresh tidal water marshes with adjacent uplands.The Wildlife Management Area and State Park is nearly 900-acres and contains important habitat that supports several endangered and threatened bird species.The sites also provide popular, nature-based outdoor recreation opportunities like hiking along the Quinnipiac Trail. This trail was the first in Connecticut’s ‘blue-blazed’ trail system. The Quinnipiac River, its marshes, and surrounding uplands are places where plants, animals and people are learning to co-exist within an area that accommodates many and sometimes competing uses.

Ecological Importance

● National Audubon Society has designated the Quinnipiac Marsh an Important Bird Area due to its high concentrations of migratory birds.The ecologically-rich brackish tidal marshes support abundant migratory waterfowl.

● In the past, the marshes supported the largest population of muskrat in Connecticut.

● The marsh habitat supports threatened and endangered Connecticut birds, including the great and snowy egrets, northern harrier, and least bittern.

● Significant areas of low marsh habitat, formerly dominated by narrow leaved cat-tail, have drowned. This situation is likely related to marsh subsidence and sea-level rise.

● The area provides essential food supplies to migratory dragonflies and butterflies.

● The area supports eastern box turtle and wood turtle, both Connecticut species of Special Concern.

● CTDEEP Wildlife Division has improved important wintering habitat for the northern saw-whet owls at this site by the planting evergreens and managing invasive non-native plants.

 

 

Recreational Opportunities

● Bird watch and enjoy excellent wildlife viewing, particularly from a canoe or kayak that can be launched at the Quinnipiac River Water Access Area which is at the gate near the end of Banton Street in North Haven.

● Hike along the Quinnipiac Trail, the oldest blue-blazed trail in Connecticut.

● Provides pedestrian access to the edge of the marsh with opportunities to observe marsh-dependent wildlife close-up within a critically important habitat area.

Dive Deeper

  • The Quinnipiac River                                                                                        The  website, funded by the Quinnipiac River Fund, is an excellent resource about the river and its 38-mile watershed.
  • Quinnipiac R. Watershed Association                                                                  The Quinnipiac River Watershed Association (QRWA) was founded in 1971 for the purpose of conserving the watershed, restoring its health, and improving recreational opportunities. QRWA provides various programs, a monthly speaker series, and volunteer opportunities on its website.
  • Audubon CT: Quinnipiac River Marsh                                                                   Audubon Connecticut’s website offers more information about the ecological significance of the marsh and bird use in this Important Bird Area.
  • Blue-Blazed Hiking Trails                                                                                       Since 1929, the Connecticut Forest and Park Association has made important contributions to the state’s nature-based outdoor recreation areas. Read more about the Blue-Blazed Hiking Trail System, a network of hundreds of miles of trails throughout Connecticut.
  • Urban Wildlife Refuge Partnership                                                                       In   2013, US Fish and Wildlife Service  designated a number of urban parks south of the Stewardship Area to New Haven Harbor as an Urban Wildlife Refuge.

 

 

Places to Visit

 

  • The Quinnipiac Meadows: Eugene B. Fargeorge Preserve, a 35-acre preserve along the Quinnipiac River, includes two miles of hiking trails and a bird blind along the salt marsh that’s great for viewing wildlife. It’s located south of the Wiildlife Management Area.

Get Involved/Events

  • The Connecticut Coastal Access Guide provides a description and directions to Quinnipiac Meadows and Park.
  • If you’d like to volunteer in this area, look to the Quinnipiac River Watershed Association—the organization is always looking for help with a range of committees.
  • Refer to the Canoe and Natural Resource Guide to the Quinnipiac River by the Quinnipiac River Watershed Association for descriptions and maps regarding access points along the river. Complete with tips, notes of interest, geological background, and historical commentary, this document is a must-read for canoers and anglers looking to explore the area.
  • Hunters can print and bring a  map of Quinnipiac River State Park and nearby public lands delineating where hunting is allowed.
  • Hunters can print out and bring this one-page map courtesy of CTDEEP which demarcates Quinnipiac and nearby areas with a legend of hunting regulations.

Field Notes

      • The Quinnipiac Trail can get flooded during the summertime.
      • Look out for poison ivy when hiking along the river.
      • Hunting is allowed but a permit is needed. Visitors are advised to wear orange clothing during hunting season.
      • Be aware of public safety advisories of consuming fish taken from Long Island Sound and its tributaries issued by the Connecticut Department of Public Health.

Return to the main Stewardship page

Did You Know?

      • The name Quinnipiac derives from a Native American word for “long water land.”
      • A pair of bald eagles overwintered in the Quinnipiac area in 2007—the first known pair to do so in Connecticut!
      • 40 houses once stood in the Quinnipiac River floodplain remnants of which are still visible along the River’s edge.
      • Osprey nesting platforms were erected in 1992 and nesting success was first recorded in 1993.

Quinnipiac River

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