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Status & Trends

LISS Ecosystem Targets and Supporting Indicators

Filter By: All|Ecosystem Targets

Clean Waters and Healthy Watersheds

Water Clarity (Draft)

Status and Trends In the open waters of Long Island Sound (where water quality is systematically tracked) there is a general trend of increasing water clarity from west to east…
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Sediment Quality Improvement (Draft)

Status and Trends The EPA 2010 National Coastal Condition Assessment for Long Island Sound (22 sample sites), showed the Sediment Quality Index (SQI) Status was listed as good at 59.92%…
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Nitrogen Loading (Draft)

Status and Trends The 2000 Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) agreement between EPA and the states of Connecticut and New York called for a 60 percent reduction from the baseline…
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Extent of Hypoxia (Draft)

Status and Trends Meeting the ecosystem target (measured as the maximum area of bottom waters with dissolved oxygen ≤ 3 mg/L) is ahead of schedule. The five-year running average of…
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Marine Debris (Draft)

Status and Trends The number of pounds of debris collected per mile mile based on a five-year moving average has decreased from 2013 by 10.61 percent in 2016, from 475…
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Approved Shellfish Areas

Status and Trends In order to meet the 2035 target, over 850 of the closed or conditionally closed acres would need to be upgraded each year (17,017 total acres by…
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Coastal Marine Debris (Draft)

What is coastal marine debris? Marine debris is any man-made, solid material that enters waterways directly through littering or indirectly via rivers, streams and storm drains (from Thank You Ocean…
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Riparian Buffer Extent (Draft)

Status and Trends A 25-year dataset up to the baseline year of 2010 indicates that vegetated buffers in riparian zones are declining. In 2010, 64.71 percent  (rounded to 65 percent…
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Impervious Cover (Draft)

Status and Trends The extent of impervious cover in Long Island Sound can be assessed up to the 2010 baseline. An analysis of 2015 impervious cover is expected to be…
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Example Ecosystem Target

Importance Coastal habitats provide a unique and highly productive ecosystem that supports an array of living resources. However, due to development activities, the abundance and diversity of coastal habitats in…
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Thriving Habitats and Abundant Wildlife

Habitat Connectivity (Draft)

Status and Trends Efforts are underway to develop a procedure to track habitat connectivity gains before progress for this ecosystem target can be assessed (see below,  How Will This Target…
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Protected Open Space

Status and Trends Progress for reaching this target is ahead of schedule. In order to meet the 2035 target, an average of 200 acres of Connecticut land and 150 acres…
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Tidal Wetland Extent

Status and Trends Progress for reaching this target is behind schedule. In order to restore 515 acres by 2035, an average of 25 acres a year needs to be restored.…
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River Miles Restored for Fish Passage (Draft)

Status and Trends This target is ahead of schedule; it is 35.3 percent of the way toward meeting its 2035 goal of reconnecting 200 additional stream miles to Long Island…
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Shellfish Harvested

Status and Trends The hard clam harvest more than tripled in Connecticut in the first decade of the 21st century, in part because some lobster fishermen have turned to clamming…
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Eelgrass Extent (Draft)

Status and Trends Eelgrass abundance has been assessed from 2002 to the 2012 baseline year. The 2012 survey located 240 eelgrass beds in eastern Long Island Sound totaling 2,061 acres.…
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Coastal Habitat Extent

Status and Trends This target is ahead of schedule because an average of 58 acres of coastal habitat restored each year is needed to meet the 2020 target.  In the…
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Example Thriving Habitats Target

IMPORTANCE Coastal habitats provide a unique and highly productive ecosystem that supports an array of living resources. However, due to development activities, the abundance and diversity of coastal habitats in…
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Sustainable and Resilient Communities

Harbor and Bay Navigability

Status and Trends Currently, in LIS waters, there are 35 federal navigation channels for which we have data and status updates from the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE).  As…
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Public Access to Beaches and Waterways (Draft)

Status and Trends In order to meet this target, the number of public access points accessible by the public would need to increase by 50 sites by 2035 (more than…
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Waterfront Community Resiliency and Sustainability (Draft)

Status and Trends Sustainable development and redevelopment as well as the protection of urban and suburban infrastructure from the effects of climate change are two of the main principles driving…
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Public Beach Closures

Status and Trends In order to meet the 2035 target, the five-year rolling average of beach closure/advisory days must be reduced by an average of 30 days each year. As…
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Public Engagement and Knowledge (Draft)

Status and Trends According to the baseline 2006 Public Perception Survey of Long Island Sound Watershed residents, a majority of Long Island Sound homeowners in all of its regions did…
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Example Sustainable and Resilient Communities Target

IMPORTANCE Coastal habitats provide a unique and highly productive ecosystem that supports an array of living resources. However, due to development activities, the abundance and diversity of coastal habitats in…
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Climate Change

Example Climate Change Normal Indicator

IMPORTANCE Coastal habitats provide a unique and highly productive ecosystem that supports an array of living resources. However, due to development activities, the abundance and diversity of coastal habitats in…
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