Photos of the Long Island Sound

Status and Trends: LISS Environmental Indicators

Type of Indicators: Health/Condition Response/Performance Socio-Economic Historical/Background

Coastal Habitat Acres Restored

  • Coastal Habitats Restored
  • Tidal Wetlands Restored

Source: CTDEEP Office of Long Island Sound Programs and NYSDEC Bureau of Marine Resources

Coastal Habitats Restored
Acres per year Cumulative Acreage
1998 39.2 39.2
1999 108 147.2
2000 180.05 327.25
2001 23.7 350.95
2002 135.22 486.17
2003 26.95 513.12
2004 32.5 545.62
2005 76.49 622.11
2006 53.88 675.99
2007 7.373 683.36
2008 16.1 699.46
2009 156.8 856.26
2010 204.33 1,060.59
2011 47.25 1,107.84
2012 159.05 1,266.89
Tidal Wetlands Restored
Acres per year Cumulative Acreage
1998 34.9 34.9
1999 108 142.9
2000 81.2 224.1
2001 6.7 230.8
2002 116.44 347.24
2003 26.2 373.44
2004 20.5 393.94
2005 43.39 437.33
2006 27.88 465.21
2007 4.543 469.753
2008 11.95 481.703
2009 5 486.703
2010 203.46 690.163
2011  25.95  716.113
2012 110.25 876.363

What are Tidal Wetlands?

Tidal wetlands are the transitional zone between the land and submerged systems. These areas are dominated by rooted plants that are flooded by the tide. Healthy wetlands help trap sediments, store flood water, and reduce wave energy during storms. Two-thirds of all marine species depend on tidal wetlands for a portion of their life cycle. About 75 percent of coastal habitat acres restored in Long Island Sound is made up of tidal wetlands.

what other coastal habitats are being tracked?

Long Island Sound Study’s Habitat Restoration Initiative has identified 12 key habitats to restore. Besides tidal wetlands, habitats that have been restored include eelgrass, estuarine embayments, grasslands, forests, freshwater wetlands, beaches and dunes, and fish passage on streams. The fish passage data is included as a separate indicator because units are measured in miles, not acres.

What does this indicate?

This indicator tracks efforts by the states and the Long Island Sound Study to restore ecosystem function in coastal habitats, including tidal wetlands.

Status

The Long Island Sound Study Habitat Restoration Initiative has a goal to restore 2000 acres of coastal habitats by 2020. The initiative is 55.4% of its way toward meeting the goal.

 
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